Assistant Professor and Head of the Department
My scholarship is focused on forms and meanings of Rajput architecture of the Indian subcontinent. I study their evolution as shaped by broad cultural currents as well as their distinctions and similarities or were there any loan elements from other traditions based on fieldwork and archival research. Since a crucial part of my scholarship involves comparing Rajput architecture patronage to that of the Mughals, a study of substantial number of Mughal architectural monuments in and around Agra, especially the Fathpur Sikri have also been made. As per topic of my doctoral research “The Schools of Rajput Architecture during Mughal Period”, the thesis is to inquire the evolution and diffusion of each architectural and decorative features, their source of inspiration, loan elements and its impact over other contemporary architectural traditions. The other areas of my interest include medieval and early modern history, medieval economy, and history of Delhi.
BA History (AMU, 2004)
MA History (AMU, 2006)
M. Phil History (AMU, 2009)
PhD History (AMU, 2015)
My doctoral work at the Centre of Advanced Study, Department of History, Aligarh Muslim University was on the Schools of the Rajput architecture during the medieval period, where I have examined the building typologies, architectural forms, innovative patterns and ornamental techniques, from plaster and carved stones to glazed tiles and mural paintings of fort-palace complexes, temples, cenotaphs, havel?s, gardens and water conservation techniques. It also traces the evolution and transformation of the forms and ornamental motifs and its sub-regional variations of each principal Rajput sites (i.e, Gwalior, Amber, Jaipur, Nahargarh, Jaigarh, Udaipur, Chittor, Ranthambhor, Mandore, Jodhpur, Kumbhalgarh, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Nagaur. My first regular appoint after completing the PhD at Department of History, Presidency University in 2016.
Research / Administrative Experience+
My research is primarily in medieval Indian history and I am especially interested in the medieval Indian art and architecture including inscriptional studies. My second monograph on that topic is called Grand Architecture of Medieval Rajasthan: Innovation and Imitation published in 2020. I am also working on the Gaur and Pandua (medieval capital of West Bengal) in the period 1300-1700 and frequently published articles related to medieval art and architecture including over monumental Persian inscriptions.
Teaching / Other Experience+
After joining the Presidency History department in 2016, I have introduced four new papers for the UG and PG courses, Art and Architecture in Medieval India, World History, History and Historiography in Medieval India, History of Communication in Medieval India. After the implementation of CBCS in the undergraduate studies, I have assigned to teach Understanding Heritage, Archives and Museums, Indian Art and Architecture, and History of Modern Europe (1789-1939)
Post Graduate Supervision+
Currently, I am supervising three PhD students in our department of History.
1. Utpal Biswas, ‘Temples as Cultural Sites: Case Studies form Ra?ha Bengal (16th -19th century)’, Department of History, Presidency University, since 2019.
2. Shamima Nasrin, ‘Religion and Culture in the Local Context: The Case of Temples of Maluti’, Department of History, Presidency University, since 2019.
3. Arghya Protim Bala, ‘Dalitisation of the Namasudras: Colonial and Post-colonial Period’, Department of History, Presidency University, since 2020.
Member of the Aligarh Historian's Society
Member of the Indian History Congress
Member of the Uttar Pradesh History Congress
2014 Marvels of Bundela Architecture: Temples, Palaces and Other Structures at Orchha, Shubhi Publication, Gurgaon, 2014, ISBN-10: 8182903005 & ISSN-13: 9788182903005
2021 Grand Architecture of Medieval Rajasthan: Innovation and Imitation, 2 Vols., Shubhi Publication, Gurgaon, 2021, ISBN: 9788182903708
2021 “The Waqf Estates of Pandua: Historical Analysis (from Fifteenth to Twentieth Centuries), Indian Historical Review, October 2021, pp. 1-19. Doi: 10.1177/03769836211052103
2021 “The Monumental Remains of the Bundela Rajputs in Mathura”, Indian Journal of Archaeology, July-October, 2021, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 911-933, ISSN 2455-2798
2020 “The Mosque of Kalinjar (Banda District, Uttar Pradesh: Retracing Its History and Architecture”, Journal of Pakistan Historical Society (Historicus), July-September, 2020, Vol. LXVIII, No. 3, pp. 35-62, ISSN 0030-9796
2014 “Unpublished Persian Inscriptions of Mir Ma'sum Bhakkhari ‘Nami’ at Akbari Masjid, Jaisalmer (1598- 1599 A.D.) known as Faqiron-Ka Takyah”, Journal of Pakistan Historical Society (Historicus), January-March, 2014, Vol. LXII, No. 1, pp. 21-34, ISSN 0030-9796
Chapters contributed in Edited Volumes:
2020 “Orchha and Its Temple Architecture”, published in Uma Chakraborty & Basupurna Mukherjee (ed.), India Unbound: A Collection of Essays, Levant Books India, Kolkata, 2020, pp. 163-173, ISBN: 978-93-88069-65-6
2020 “Domes in Indo-Islamic Architecture ”, published in Taiyaba Munawer (ed.), Science in Architecture, Medtech (A Division of Scientific International), New Delhi, 2020, pp.19-44, ISBN: 978-93-89393-60-6
2016 “Shaikh Fazlullah: A Suhrawardia Sufi of Delhi ”, published in Emili Rumi and Swapan Kumar Sarkar (ed.), Sufism in India: Interpretative Essays, Ashadeep Publication, Kolkata, 2016, pp. 53-58 ISBN, 978-93-81245-76-6
2014 “Noble’s Structures at Orchha, The Haveli of a Minister- Bir Singh Deo Bundela”, published in Omprakash Srivastava (ed.), Essays on Humanities: Recent Discoveries, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany, 2014, pp. 141-148, ISBN, 978-3-659-13764-8
2010 “Temple Architecture of the Bundelas: The Chaturbhuja Temple at Orchha”, presented in Uttar Pradesh History Congress, 19th Session, 18-19 October, 2008, Allahabad, published in ‘Conversations in Indian History’, ed., by A. K. Sinha & S. Z. H. Jafri, Anamika Publishers and Distributors (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2010, pp. 114-120, ISBN 978-81-7975-342-2
Full paper in Conference Proceedings:
2017 “The Presence of the Past: Communal Harmony in the Mughal Religious Policies”, Proceedings Volume of the International Seminar on ‘Nation-Nationality and Communalism: Dialectics of Harmony in Indian Sub-continent’, published by Vidyasagar Centre of Indological Studies, Rabindra Bharti University, Kolkata, December 2017, pp. 202-222.
2015 “Medieval Monuments of Mehrauli: Reality and Myth”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 76th Session, University of Gaur Banga, West Bengal, 27-29 December 2015, pp. 248-258.
2014 “The Organisation of Space in The Havelis of Rajasthan”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, Platinum Jubilee (75th) Session, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, December 2014, pp. 1090-1095.
2013 “Arcuate Techniques in Palatial Structures of Western Rajasthan”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 74rd Session, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, 28-30 December 2013, pp. 875-884, ISSN 2249-1937
2012 “Rajput Architecture of the Mewar from 13th to 18th Centuries”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 73rd Session, Mumbai University, Mumbai, 28-30 December 2012, pp. 400-407, ISSN 2249-1937
2011 “Persian Inscription of Faqiron-ka Takiya, a Sarai in Jaisalmer: Its Meaning and Importance”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 72nd Session, Punjabi University, Patiala, 10-13 December 2011, pp. 543-546, ISSN 2249-1937
2010 “Continuity and Change in Architectural Elements at Amber Palace Buildings (1560-1880), Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 71st Session, Malda, 2010-11, pp. 1122-1133, ISSN 2249-1937
2009 “Medieval Remains at Kalinjar”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 70th Session, 2009-10, Delhi, pp. 960-974, ISSN 2249-1937
2008 “Wall Paintings at Orchha”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 69th Session, Kannur University, 28-30 December 2008, Kannur, pp. 1076-1082, ISSN 2249-1937
2007 “Salient features of Bundela architecture at Orchha”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 68th Session, University of Delhi, 28-30 December 2007, Delhi, pp. 1409-1416, ISSN 2249-1937
2006 “Fort of Kalinjar and its Medieval Structures”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 67th Session, Farook College, Kozhikode (Calicut), 10-12 March, 2007, Kerala, pp. 1020-1028, ISSN 2249-1937
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